Archery and bowhunting safety rules cover all aspects of using a bow and arrow, including storing, handling, and shooting.
In many states, a bow and arrow are considered a firearm, and the same rules and regulations that apply to firearms also apply to bows and arrows. Always check local laws, and follow these archery safety rules.
- Only point the bow and arrow in a safe direction.
- Only nock an arrow when it's safe to shoot.
- Be sure of your target and what is in front of it, immediately behind it, and beyond it.
- Never shoot over a ridge.
- Only shoot when you have a safe range or shooting area, and a safe backstop or background.
- Avoid dry-firing a bow (releasing the bowstring without a nocked arrow). It may cause serious damage to the bow and can injure the archer.
- Do not shoot an arrow straight up in the air.
- Wear an arm guard and finger protection while shooting bows and arrows.
- Handle arrows carefully. Protect yourself and the arrow points with a covered arrow quiver.
- Use a bow-stringer for stringing longbows and recurve bows.
- Immediately repair defects in equipment.
- Prior to each use, check your bow for cracks, dents, breaks, separating laminates, peeling glass, and defects in mechanical parts.
- Check the bowstring regularly, and replace it if it becomes worn or frayed. Frequent use of bowstring wax greatly extends the life of a bowstring.
- Check arrows for cracks, dents, or bends; and discard any that have permanent flaws.
- Store your bows in bow cases–preferably hard cases–and store recurves and longbows unstrung.
- Store arrows in quivers and accessories in a sturdy box or padded bag.
- Keep your emotions under control, and think about safety first.
- Do not drink alcohol or take mood-altering drugs before, during, or after shooting a bow.