About the Study Guide

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Broadside shot angle
  • This angle gives the best shot for the largest big game animals: elk, moose, caribou, buffalo, musk ox, grizzly bear, polar bear, brown bear, and Kodiak bear.
    • The heavy hair and thick hide of these animals tend to absorb blood and close wounds. As a result, both an entry and an exit wound are necessary to cause sufficient blood loss for trailing and death.
    • Given the thickness of their chests, a broadside shot offers the shortest distance through the animal’s chest cavity.
  • This is the best angle for a double-lung hit.
  • For most big game, the aiming spot is straight up from the back side of the front leg, one third of the way up from the bottom of the chest.
  • To avoid hitting the shoulder blade, wait until the front leg is forward.
  • For the best opportunity, wait until the animal looks the other way or is feeding.