The most common types of crossbows are compound and recurve.
arrow retention spring Holds the arrow in the track until the trigger releases the latch mechanism.
barrel Made of aluminum or polymer.
cocking stirrup Used to aid in cocking the crossbow. The archer’s foot is placed in the stirrup to prevent the bow from slipping when it is cocked.
flight groove Grooved track on top of the barrel that allows the arrow to lie in perfect alignment with the string for consistent accuracy.
latch Designed to capture the string when the crossbow is cocked (drawn), the latch holds the string in place until it’s released by the trigger.
limbs Can be compound or recurve. A recurve crossbow must have long limbs and a longer barrel to deliver power similar to that of a compound crossbow.
riser Where the limbs attach.
safety Prevents the arrow from releasing accidentally. May engage automatically or manually when the crossbow is cocked. Some crossbows have a dual safety system.
Note: Since the safety is a mechanical device, it can be subject to failure. Always keep a loaded crossbow pointed in a safe direction.
sight bridge Holds the sight.
stock Made of wood or composite materials and available in many configurations.