Game calls have been popular for many years. Some of the most commonly used calls are made for attracting ducks, geese, and turkeys. Many other species of wildlife can be attracted with the use of calls.
Bowhunters can select from a wide variety of calls targeting most game species. There are four basic types of game calls.
- Position calls, like spring turkey calls, indicating the location of another member of the clan. While these calls indicate position, many also will put the game at ease.
- Distress calls, like squealing rabbit calls, indicate to a fox, coyote, or bobcat that dinner may be trapped nearby.
- Aggression calls are commonly used by elk hunters during the rutting season to challenge other mating bulls. White-tailed deer hunters rattle antlers, which imitates two rutting bucks fighting.
- Mating calls duplicate mating activity such as spring gobbler calls, white-tailed deer grunt calls, and antler rattling. Bowhunters commonly use grunt tubes to attract rutting white-tailed bucks to their stand. Grunt calls mimic the low, gutteral grunt of a white-tailed buck looking for does. Calls also can be effective when used in conjuction with attractants or lures.