The bowhunter’s location above or below the target presents additional considerations.
Above the Target
- A tree stand or elevated platform offers good shot opportunities, especially for the broadside and quartering-away shot angles.
- As a bowhunter climbs higher, the vital area becomes a smaller target area because the animal’s shoulder bone and spine shield more of the vital organs.
- The shooter needs to “bend at the waist” and not drop the bow arm while at full draw. Often the reason a hunter misses when shooting from above is because the point of aim and impact has changed.
Below the Target
- It’s possible to shoot from below the target, but it’s not a high-percentage shot—especially while Dall sheep or mountain goat hunting.
- The aiming spot is lower on the body, and the sternum (chest bone) may shield part of the heart at this angle.
- Broadside—particularly a double-lung shot—and quartering away offer the best shots.